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"'Gate of Hell' in Siberia Gets Bigger, Emergence of New Virus Worries Scientists"

Dream - The Batagaika Crater, known as the "Gateway to Hell," is increasingly causing concern among scientists and local residents. The diameter of the crater is getting larger over time. Researchers have detailed that the Batagaika Crater expands by 30 meters each year. Currently, it is approximately 1 kilometer long and 800 meters wide at its widest point. Researchers believe that the expansion will occur at an even faster rate.

Reported from New Atlas, Batagaika Crater, located in the Chersky Mountains in northeastern Siberia, is actually not a crater. This giant diameter hole is a collapse hole or "mega-slump" caused by the collapse and cracking of the ground due to the loss of ice layers.

'Hell's Gate' in Siberia Gets Bigger, Emergence of New Virus Worries Scientists

The following is the translation of the given 'Bahasa' text to 'English' while preserving any html tags: "Kawah Batagaika first emerged in the 1960s. However, it was only discovered in 1991, after its hole had grown larger."

For the local residents, this crater holds a meaning that goes beyond just a geological phenomenon. Many believe that the crater is a gateway to hell or another world. The nickname 'Gate to Hell' given by the Yakutian tribe who inhabit the area surrounding the crater adds a mystical aura to it.

The following is the translation of the given 'Bahasa' text to 'English' while preserving any html tags: "The Batagaika Crater has long been a significant subject of research as it provides insights into climate change and its impact on permafrost. Scientists utilize this crater to further study past environmental conditions and how climate change can affect ice and soil layers in the future."

However, the increasing expansion of the Batagaika crater raises concerns. Its rapid expansion is now triggered by the warming of air temperature. Without the cooling effect from plants, the underlying permafrost layer begins to thaw during the warm months, triggering a process that we now know as the Batagaika phenomenon.

'Hell's Gate' in Siberia Gets Bigger, Emergence of New Virus Worries Scientists

The process of thawing permafrost releases methane and carbon dioxide gases into the atmosphere, which contribute to global warming.

This of course results in an increasing number of lost ice layers. But not only that, the expansion of the Batagaika crater raises concerns about the emergence of ancient insects and new viruses. We don't really know if ancient insects can survive when exposed to the current Earth's atmosphere. It's a different story for new viruses that emerged from 50 thousand years ago.

'Hell's Gate' in Siberia Gets Bigger, Emergence of New Virus Worries Scientists

Like the incident in 2016, the melting of the ice layer released Bacillus anthracis, the cause of anthrax, which killed 2,649 polar bears and resulted in dozens of local residents getting sick and the death of one child. Report: Khaira Amaliya.

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